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- Indicator: Mathematical tools that traders and investors use to assess past and future price movements on stock charts. These can be based on price, volume, or other market metrics.
- Trend: Reflects the predominant direction in which an asset is moving. They are mainly classified as:
- Bullish: When the asset price is moving upward.
- Bearish: When the asset price is moving downward.
- Sideways: When the price moves horizontally without a clear upward or downward direction.
- Volume: Represents the total amount of an asset traded in a specified time period. It is a key indicator of asset liquidity and demand.
- Support: A price level where an asset has historically had difficulty falling below. It denotes an area where buying pressure tends to be greater than selling pressure.
- Resistance: A price level where an asset has historically had difficulty surpassing. It indicates an area where selling pressure could outweigh buying pressure.
- Candlestick: A chart that shows the price movement of an asset during a specific period. It represents the opening, closing, high, and low prices during that interval.
- Oscillator: A type of indicator that varies over time within a specified range. Common examples include RSI and Stochastic.
- Divergence: Occurs when the price of an asset and an indicator move in opposite directions. For example, if the price reaches a new high but the indicator does not, it can be a signal of an impending reversal.
- Breakout: When the price moves out of an established range, either above resistance or below support.
- Trendlines: Lines drawn on a chart to represent potential support or resistance levels.
- Overbought & Oversold: Terms describing market conditions in which an asset has been subject to excessive buying or selling. They are often used with oscillators like RSI.
- Stop-loss: An order placed to sell an asset when it reaches a specific price, usually set to limit a loss in a position.
- Take-profit: An order placed to sell an asset when it reaches a specific price, used to secure profits.
- Spread: The difference between the buying and selling price of an asset.
- Accumulation/Distribution: An indicator that provides information about the flow of money into an asset, identifying whether it is accumulating (being bought) or distributing (being sold).
- ATR (Average True Range): Measures the volatility of an asset by calculating the difference between highs and lows over a specified period.
- Beta: A coefficient that measures an asset's volatility relative to the overall market.
- Bollinger Bands: Consist of a moving average with two outer bands representing the price's standard deviation. They help identify volatility and potential reversal points.
- Cross: When two lines on a chart, often moving averages with different periods, intersect.
- Exponential Moving Average (EMA): A type of moving average that gives more weight to recent prices. It is more sensitive to recent changes compared to a simple moving average.
- Fibonacci Retracements: A tool that uses horizontal levels to indicate support or resistance areas at key Fibonacci levels.
- Gap: A sudden jump in an asset's price on the chart, due to buying or selling forces. It can be bullish or bearish.
- Golden Cross & Death Cross: Refers to the crossing of two moving averages. A Golden Cross occurs when a short-term moving average crosses above a long-term moving average, while a Death Cross is the opposite.
- Head and Shoulders: A chart pattern indicating a trend reversal. It can be bullish (inverted) or bearish.
- Ichimoku Cloud: A set of lines forming a "cloud" on the chart, providing support, resistance, and trend direction.
- Leverage: Financing a position with debt, which amplifies both gains and losses.
- MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence): A momentum indicator showing the relationship between two moving averages.
- Margin Call: A requirement from the broker to add more funds to an account because open positions are approaching insufficient margin.
- Pivot Points: A tool that calculates support and resistance levels based on the previous day's high, low, and close prices.